Advanced biofuels and renewable fuels from a sustainable value chain.

In 2022, the power industry and the transport sector experienced an increase in their GHG emissions, unlike other sectors in the EU, such as buildings. Transport is one of the leading sectors in the EU that witnessed a high increase (of 15%) in CO2 emissions during the last 30 years (1990-2021). To decarbonise these sectors, an array of policies is suggested, such as increasing taxes for polluting aviation fuels and reducing the use of fossil fuels.

At the same time, waste and residue feedstocks can be utilised to produce biofuels for transport, effectively reducing GHG emissions. The International Energy Agency (IEA) highlights the need to diversify the biofuel production technology and use advanced feedstocks to minimise environmental impacts.

The use of RFNBOs (Renewable Fuels of Non-Biological Origin) is another promising alternative, as these fuels demand much less use of water resources and land to be produced than crop-based biofuels, deriving from feedstocks, such as maize and wheat. Another way of sustainable fuel production is through algae cultivation, but their use is still being researched and developed.


The European Commission proposes a 55% reduction of emissions from cars by 2030 (EC) by speeding up the transition towards zero- and low-emission vehicles


Biofuel demand increased by 6% in 2022, following an increasing interest in its use from numerous sectors


42% of the hydrogen used in industry should come from RFNBOs by 2030


By 2030, hydrogen and e-fuel from RFNBOs need to account for 1% of fuels used in the transport sector

FUELPHORIA is an EU-funded Innovation Action project that aims to establish sustainable, competitive and secure value chains from advanced biofuels and renewable fuels of non-biological origin.

Coordinated by CERTH (the Centre for Research and Technology Hellas), partners will set up and test a portfolio of nine complete value chains at four locations in Belgium, Greece and Spain. The active involvement of all players along the value chains – feedstock suppliers, technology providers, and end-users – will help to demonstrate that different types of feedstock (CO2, digestate, municipal biowaste) can be converted into a series of renewable gas and liquid fuels suitable for transport and power production.

Project partners will also evaluate the environmental performance of the FUELPHORIA renewable fuels, design innovative business models to prepare their market entry, and explore their export potential through collaboration with Africa.

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